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Excavations

An Important Part of Archaeology

Excavations constitute a significant part of the activities of the Department of Archaeology and Museums. This has been one of the primary means and to this day, it continues to be a highly effective method for unearthing the treasures and wonders of history that lay buried under different layers of the ground surface and sub surface.

The process of excavation is a complex task that involves surveying and finalizing the site for excavations, which also involves extensive research and groundwork done by experts. This process has to be carried out with utmost care and precision so as to not damage the artefacts, mounds and ancient constructions while at the same time digging deeper to bring them to light.

The Department of Archaeology has conducted excavations at Maski, Piklihal, Lingasoor, Raigir, Hasmathpet, Janamet, Dongatogu and Phanigiri, in erstwhile Nizam's dominions. After formation of the State of Andhra Pradesh, the Department has conducted excavations at Hasmathpet, Keesaragutta, University of Hyderabad (Campus) in Hyderabad; Yeleswaram, Phanigiri, Gajulabanda, Vardhamanukota in Nalgonda; Nelakondapalli and Khammam town in Khammam; Lebarthi, Geesukonda, Polakonda in Warangal; Pochampadu, Bodhan in Nizamabad; Chinnamarur, Peddamarur, Gollattagudi, Andugula in Mahabubnagar District and Peddabunkur, Dhulikatta, Khadambapur in Karimnagar District. These excavations brought to light the Proto-historic and Early historic cultural material and age-old Buddhist stupas.

Salvage Archaeology

Kotilingala in Karimnagar District appears to be one among the thirty walled towns mentioned by the Megasthanise in his Indica, which had later become submerged in the Sripada Sagar project. Excavations conducted here during the years from 1979-1983 brought to light the pre-Satavahana and Satavahana cultural material.

List of Excavations conducted by the Department of Archaeology and Museums from 1914 till date in Telangana State

S.No. Place / District Name of the Site Excavation/ Publication in the Annual Reports
1 Maula Ali (Hyderabad) Megalithic Burial 1915-16
2 Raigir Hyderabad State Megalithic Burial 1915-16
3 Janampet, Poloncha Taluq Hyderabad State Megalithic Burial 1917-18
1918-19
1940-41
4 Warangal, Hyderabad State Warangal Fort 1934-35
5 Hasmatpet, Hyderabad Megalithic Burial 1934-35
2000-01
6 Paithan (Aurangabad) Hyderabad State Early Historic Site 1935-36
7 Maski (Raichur) Hyderabad State Early Historic Site 1936-37
8 Kadkal (Raichur) Hyderabad State Early Historic Site 1936-37
9 Rajan Kallur (Raichur) Hyderabad State Megalithic Burial 1939-40
10 Kondapur (Sangareddy) Hyderabad State Early Historic Site 1940-41
11 Phangiri (Nalgonda) Early Historic Site 1940-41
2004-05
2006-07
2010-11
12 Yeleshwaram (Nalgonda) Early Historic site 1955-56
1960-61
1961-62
13 Shaikpet, Hyderabad Qutub Shahi Tombs (Golkonda) 1969
1970-71
1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
14 Peddabankur (Kareemnagar) Early Historic Site 1970-71
1971-72
1972-73
1974-75
15 Gollathagudi (Mahabubnagar) Temple Site 1971-72
1972-73
1973-74
1974-75
16 Kadambapur (Kareemnagar) Megalithic Burial 1974-75
17 Dulikatta (Kareemnagar) Early Historic Site 1974-75
1975-76
1976-77
1984-85
18 Polakonda (Warangal) Megalithic Burial 1975-76
1976-77
19 Keesaragutta (Ranga Reddy) Early Historic Site 1975-76
1976-77
1978-79
1979-80
1980-81
1981-82
1982-83
20 Nelakondapally (Khammam) Early Historic Site 1976-77
1983-84
1984-85
1986-87
1987-88
1988-89
1990-91
1993-94
1994-95
1996-97
21 Budigapalli (Warangal) Early Historic Site 1976-77
22 Uppalapadu (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic Burial 1977-78
1978-79
23 Chagatur (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic Burial 1977-78
1978-79
24 Pragatur (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic Burial 1977-78
25 Peddamarur (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic Burial 1977-78
26 Chinnamaruru (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic Burial 1978-79
1979-80
27 Gummadam, (Mahabubnagar) Early Historic Site 1978-79
1979-80
28 Vedantapuram (Khammam) Temple Site 1978-79
29 Gajulabanda (Nalgonda) Buddhist Site 1978-79
30 Kotagadda (Nizamabad) Early Historic Site 1978-79
31 Nagnuru (Kareemnagar) Temple Site 1978-79
1980-81
32 Pagidigutta (Mahabubnagar) Early Historic Site 1978-79
33 Kotilingala (Kareemnagar) Early Historic Site 1979-80
1980-81
1981-82
1983-84
2008-09
2010-11
34 Karapakala (Mahabubnagar) Early Historic Site 1979-80
35 Rangapuram (Mahabubnagar) Early Historic Site 1979-80
36 Kyetur (Mahabubnagar) Early Historic Mound 1981-82
37 Kandi (Medak) Early Historic Site 1982-83
38 Huzurnagar (Nalgonda) Megalithic Burial 1982-83
39 Hindur (Medak) Early Historic Site 1982-83
40 Nirzappala (Medak) Early Historic Site 1982-83
41 Ghanpur (Adilabad) Pre-Historic Site 1983-84
42 Vardhannapeta (Warangal) Medieval Site 1984-85
43 Aija (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic Burial 1984-85
44 Jainadh (Adilabad) Temple Site 1984-85
45 Nagarapadu (Khammam) Early Historic Site 1985-86
46 Lebarthy (Warangal) Megalithic Burial 1985-86
47 Erladinna (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic Burial 1986-87
1988-89
48 Edithanur (Medak) Early Historic Site 1987-88
49 Kohir (Medak) Early Historic Site 1987-88
50 Puranahaveli (Hyderabad) Medieval Site 1988-89
51 Bodhan (Nizamabad) Early Historic Site 1989-90
1992-93
52 Gangadhara (Kareemnagar) Early Historic Site 1990-91
53 Pulimamidi (Ranga Reddy) Early Historic site 1992-93
54 Yeleshwaram (Nalgonda) Early Historic site 1955-56
1960-61
1961-62
55 Burgupally (Ranga Reddy) Early Historic Site 1994-95
56 Khammam Town (Khammam) Megalithic Burial 1996-97
57 Konasamudram (Nizamabad) Early Historic site 1996-97
58 Veligonda (Nalgonda) Megalithic Site 1999-2000
59 Urukonda (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic Site 1999-2000
60 Gorekunta (Warangal) Early Historic Site 1999-2000
61 Gollegudem (Khammam) Temple Site 1999-2000
62 Gundala (Khammam) Temple site 1999-2000
63 Rudramakota (Khammam) Medieval Site 1999-2000
64 Lingampally (Rangarerddy) Megalithic Site 1999-2000
65 Geesukonda (Warangal) Early Historic Site 2000-2001
66 Andugula (Mahabubnagar) Megalithic site 2011-2012

Current Activities

Excavations for the field seasons 2016-17

Palamakula and Narmetta villages, Siddipet District

The megalithic burials located in Palamakula and Narmetta villages are selected for excavation during the year 2016-17.

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Megalithic burial site at Narmeta village

Narmeta village, Nangunuru mandal, Siddipeta district.

Dept of archaeology and museums conducted has a Excavation in the field season 2016-2017...

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An early historic site in Telangana state field season 2015-2016

Pajjuru Village, Chandanapally Mandal, Nalgonda District

The south, East region of Telangana, particularly the Nalgonda district, occupies a pivotal position on the archaeological map of Telangana.......

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Excavation of an Early Historical Site, Pajjura Village

Tipparthy Mandal, Nalgonda District, Telangana

The department has commenced excavation at Early Historical Site at Pajjuru (v) Tipparthy (M) Nalgonda District for the field season 2015-16.......

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Recent findings from Buddhist Mahastupa, Phanigiri Village

Tirmalgiri Mandal, Nalgonda District, Telangana

The Department has taken up conservation and Restoration of Mahastupa and Chaityagruhas at Phanigiri hillock......

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Excavation of Megalithic burial site

Pullur Banda Village , Siddipet Mandal , Medak District

The Department after exploring the archaeological potentiality of the site i.e., Menhir and Megalithic Burial site at Pullur Village has submitted proposals to Director General, Archaeological Survey of India....

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