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Monuments of Karimnagar

S.No Name of the Monument Village Mandal Period
1 Stone Circle Atur Huzurabad 10th —9thC.B.C
2 Group of Temples (Siva)_LA group of 6 Old Kakatiyan Temples nagunuru Karimnagar 13thC.A.D

Group of temples (Siva)_LA group of 6 old Kakatiyan temples

Nagunuru is situated very close to Karimnagar town. The temples, mutilated images and several inscriptions are found here and the neighborhood speak fondly of the onetime glory of the place. In the inscriptions the village is known as Nagaruru. This is an important place of historical importance in Karimnagar district and represents the historical significance of this district.

It was a prominent centre of political and religious activities for about four centuries under the Chalukyas of Vemulavada, Western Chalukyas of Kalyani and Kakatiyas of Warangal. The village appears to have contained at one time a mud fort around it, the traces of which can be noticed even today. The ruins of this temple are of archaeological significance and they represent the various methods used in construction during that era, which makes them strong to this day. How to Reach

How to reach

Nagunuru is located nearly 8 km from Karimnagar town and is well accessible by road.

3 Trikuta Temple Kothapalli Karimnagar 13th C.A.D

Trikuta temple

A dilapidated Trikuta temple in typical Kakatiya style is found in the village. This temple is similar in style to the main Trikuta temple at Nagunuru village and Thousand pillar temple at Hanamkonda.

The temple stands on an upapitha which serves the purpose of pradakshinapatha. It is divided into horizontal mouldings. The temple faces south. It consists of a square mandapa with three shrines towards the east, west and north.

Each shrine consists of garbhagruha and antarala with beautifully carved doorways. The perforated screen windows are arranged on either side of the antarala doorways and figures of dancers are carved on lintel.

A parapet runs round the hall on which the miniature shrines are arranged like at Ramappa temple. The ruins of temple is of archaeological significance and they represent the various methods used in construction during that era, which makes them strong to this day.

How to reach

Kothapalli village is situated 5 km from Karimnagar and lies on the road to Jagityal. It can be reached by bus.

4 Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple Bejjanki Bejjanki 13th C.A.D

Lakshmi Narasimha swamy temple

Although no inscription is traceable locally, the village was once known as Bejavanke in the inscriptions of Sanigaram, a nearby village, which was an important centre of political and religious activity during the period of the Western Chalukayas of Kalyani.

The Temple
The Narasimhaswamy temple is situated on the top of the hill. The temple faces south. It consists of garbhagriha, antarala and mandapa with porches on south, east and west.

Originally, the sanctum sanctorum is a cave, converted into the present form of garbhagriha. As the temple stands on a hill, the garbhagriha does not contain any adhisthana and the walls rise straight from the surface of the rock.

The central four pillars are exquisitely carved. The stories of Bhagavata, Bharata and other puranic episodes are carved on the pillars. As both Chalukya and Kakatiya styles are apparent in this temple, this temple may be assigned to mid 12th century A.D.

How to reach

Bejjanki is situated at a distance of 35 Kms south west of Karimnagar and is accessible by bus.

5 Fort Jammikunta Huzurabad 12th-13th C.B.C
6 Malang Shah's Dargah Mulangur Kesavapatnam 18th C.A.D
7 Hill Fort Mulangur Kesavapatnam 16th-17th C.A.D.
8 Siva Temple & Inscriptions bornapalli Huzurabad 13th-14th C.A.D
9 Siva Temples (Ruined Kakatiya temples) Upparapalli(Gudisala) Saidapur 13th C.A.D.

Siva temples (Ruined Kakatiya temples)

Godisala village is located on Warangal - Karimnagar highway According to an inscription located in the temple complex , Kataya, the son of Rajanayaka, during the period of Kakatiya Ganapathideva set up temples to Siva, tanks and gardens and granted village Pincharapalli to the deity Panchalinga for the worship in 1236 AD. A gift of some land by Ganapathideva maharaja is also recorded.

The temples:
Three temples are located within a stone prakara. The main temple i.e. Trikuta temple here has three shrines. Each shrine has a grabhagriha and antarala located on north, west and southern sides with a common mandapa facing east. All the three shrines are dedicated to Siva in form of linga.

The other two temples are located side by side with common mandapa. To the northeast of Trikuta temple there is a koneru (Tank). The ruins of the temple are of archaeological significance.

How to reach

Godisala village (also known as Upparapalli) is situated 10 km from Huzurabad town, on Warangal - Karimnagar highway and is accessible by bus.

10 Megalithic Burials Mulangur Kesavapatnam 10th C.B.C
11 Megalithic Burials Singapur Huzurabad 10th C.B.C
12 Megalithic Bizigiri Jammikunta 10th C.B.C
13 Fort & Mosque(Built for Zafaruddin by French Engineers) Jagtial Jagtial 1747 A.D.

Fort & Mosque(Built for Zafaruddin by French Engineers)

Jagtial is the headquarters of a Revenue Division as well as Mandal which lies to the North of Karimnagar. The Qiladar of Elgandal Mubarizul Mulk Zafaruddaula Mirza Ibrahim khan Dhonsa had built a fort at Jagtial in 1747 A.D. with the technical advice of the French engineers.

It is a star shaped fort built in lime and stone and partially in lime and brick. This is a land fort built in a vast area of open land. The fort is surrounded by a deep ditch always filled with water. Behind the main entrance gate there is a passage of about 3 feet width with steps which lead to the moat. Perhaps this is the only fort seen in the Deccan with a moat always containing water in it.

As seen from the moat the high walls of the fort are built in lime and stone up to half level and the remaining half is built in lime and brick. About half a dozen rooms built in stone are for the storage of ammunition. There is a big koneru (step well) within the fort with steps to reach the water from both the sides. There are 41 small and big cannons found in the battlements. All the cannons contain the name of Muhammad Qusim inscribed on them in Urdu.

How to reach

Jagtial town is located nearly 50 km from Karimnagar town and is well accessible by road.

14 Pratapagiri Fort (Built by Raja Pratap Rudra of Warangal) pratapagiri Mahadevpur 13th C.A.D

pratapagiri fort (Built by Raja PratapRudra of Warangal)

The Pratapagiri village is located in the thick forest of Kataram and Mahadevpur. There is a small fort built in stone, and only fortification walls are existing now in the reserve forest at about 6 km, interior of the village Pratapgiri.

According to an undated inscription on the wall of the fort, it was constructed by Mucchananayaka who bears a string of titles viz. Iruvattu ganda, Ganda gopala, Kamchi rakshapalaka, dayagajakesari , ariraya- gaja-kesari etc. This is an important fort of historical importance in Karimnagar district and represents the historical significance of this district.

As dayagajakesari and ariraya-gaja-kesari are the titles of Kakatiya kings, this fort is believed to have been built during 13th- 14th century A.D. during the period of Kakati Prataparudradeva and named after him as “Pratapagirikota”. The ruins of this fort are of archaeological signifance and they represent the various methods used in construction during that era, which makes them strong to this day.

How to reach

Pratapagiri village is located nearly 120 km from Karimnagar town and is well accessible by road.

15 Group of Temples(6 old Manthani temples) Manthani Manthani

Group Of Temples(6 old Manthani temples)

Manthani in Karimnagar District, played an important role in the religious history of the Kakatiyas. In the inscriptions the place has been referred to as Mantrakuta. Gangadhara in his inscription says that he established in the excellent city of Mantra-kuta a temple for the three-eyed god. Mantrakuta or Manthani was a great seat of Vedic learning from the times immemorial.

It is said that Aadi Shankaracharya (A.D. 788 – 820), who visited Mantrakuta, was pleased to see the ceaseless recitation of Vedic Mantras in the village and recognized it as a Dharma-Pitham.

This place is considered to be a holy spot as sage Gautama performed his meditation here. The largest temple is Silesshvaragudi which has a sikhara resembling that of south Indian temples. There is an inscribed pillar attached to this temple. This inscription is in Nagari script and refers to Kakatiya king Ganapathideva.

The following six important temples are declared as protected monuments in Manthani are:
1) Sileshvaragudi
2) Shivalayam
3) Mahalakshmi temple
4) Omkalisvaragudi
5) Laxminarayana temple
6) Gowthameswara temple

How to reach

Manthani is located nearly 70 km from Karimnagar town and is well accessible by road.

16 Ramagir Fort (Built during Kakatiya regime) Begumpet Kamanpur 13th C.A.D

Ramagir fort (Built during Kakatiya regime)

A fort located on Ramagiri hillocks is located near Begumpet village in Kamanpur mandal, and near the PWD road leading to Manthani. This famous fort built in stone with several bastions is spread over a very large area of several kilometers. The Ramagiri hill with very vast area is known for its beautiful natural surroundings with rare species of plants and several kinds of medicinal roots. The fort played an important role from the early times to the period of Asafjahis

The fort was under the control of Gundaraja of Manthani and Edaraja of Ramagundam. They were defeated by the Kakati Prola II and the entire area of Polavasa, Manthani and Ramagundam were under the control of Kakatiyas.

After the fall of Kakatiyas, Anapothanayaka of Racherla Padmanayaka family occupied Orugallu and appointed Muppabhupala as the ruler of Sabbinadu with his capital at Ramagiri during 14th century A.D. The Bahamani Sultan Ahmed shah I (1422-1436 A.D.) invaded Telangana region in 1433 A.D. and occupied the Ramagiri fort. After Qutb Shahis of Golkonda the fort was under the control of Mughals and finally Asafjahis and their Deshmukhs.

There are many important structures on the hill fort viz. Sitaramalayam, Ramasthapita Lingam, The footprints of Rama and Janikimata, Sitaram Kolanu (Well), mosques, tombs and a good number of wells on the hill. Asvasala (Horse stable) Gajasala (Elephant stable), Cherasala (prison), Durbar hall (Royal court), cannons and cannon balls etc are also located on the hillock.

How to reach

Begumpet village is located nearly 55 km from Karimnagar and is well accessible by road.

17 Siva Trikuta Temple jangaon (Addagunta) Ramagundam 13th C.A.D

Trikuta Temple

There is a beautiful Trikuta temple facing the North at Jangaon, near Godavarikhani. All the three shrines are dedicated to Siva. The special feature of the mandapa is that it contains a cluster of four pillars in each corner.

Thus there are sixteen pillars in the centre of the mandapa. The pillars are beautifully carved and decorated with lion brackets. To the west of the temple, there is another ruined temple with a garbhagriha and a mukhamandapa.

To the North of this main temple on the other side of the road, there is another Trikuta temple. There is a Sivalinga on the western side of the shrine, whereas the other two shrines located at north and east are completely ruined. This temple faces towards south. The ruins of this temple are of archaeological significance and they represent the various methods used in construction during that era.

The existence of two Trikuta temples reveals the prominence of this place during the Chalukyan and Kakatiyan times. These are the classical examples of Kakatiya school of Art, showing beautiful figures in the form of Salabhanjikas. Locals throng the temple during festival occasions.

How to reach

Godavari Khani is located nearly 65 km from Karimnagar town and is well accessible by road.

18 Siva Temple (Temple built of roughly dressed stone) Kundagal Sultanabad 13th C.A.D

Siva temple (Temple built of roughly dressed stone)

The temple consists of Garbhagruha, Arthamandapa and pillared mandapa having central four pillars with rangasila and ten short pillars on kakshasana with an entrance on southern side. In Garbhagruha a Siva Linga, facing east is enshrined.

This is a typical type of temple having the entrance on southern side with a flight of steps with ornamental balustrade, where as the Linga is in the shrine which is located on Western side. Purnakumbha motifs are carved on either side door jambs of Garbhagruha. The ruins of this temple are of archaeological significance.

A typical Kakatiya Nandi carved in black basalt is kept in the mandapa facing Siva Linga. On stylistic grounds this temple can be dated back to 13th Century A.D.

How to reach

Kundagal village is situated at a distance of about 30 km from Karimnagar town and is accessible by bus.

19 Temples & Sculptures Peddampet Ramagundam 17th C.A.D
20 Siva Temple Anapur Vemulawada 13th C.A.D

Siva temple

On the northern banks of Maner there is a beautiful Siva temple dating back to Chalukyan period lying between Maner on one side and the hills on other side.

This temple is locally known as Ramalingeswara temple. This is an important temple which is of historical importance in Vemulawada region of Karimnagar district.

This single shrine temple consists of garbhagriha, antarala and sixteen-pillared mandapa built with large blocks stone.

Adjacent to this temple there is another ruined shrine located. The temple is of archaeological significance and represents the various methods used in construction during that era.

How to reach

Vemulawada mandal is situated about 35 km from Karimnagar and can be reached by bus.

21 Ananthagiri Fort (Hindu Fort) Sirsilla Sirsilla 12th-14th C.A.D

Ananthagiri fort (Hindu Fort)

Anantagiri fort is situated in the outskirts of Anantagiri village on a hillock in Illanthakunta Mandal. This is an important fort of historical importance in Karimnagar district and represents the historical significance of this district.

This historical fort built in stone with several bastions on the hill played an important role from medieval period to the period of the Asaf Jahis. The historic fort offers a lot of scope to understand the rich legacy of the region.

There are ruined fortification walls, two water tanks on the hill with entrance gates. There is a ruined Vishnu (in the form of Anantha) temple on the hillock. Since Vishnu is in the form of Anantha is in this temple, this fort is known as “Ananthagiri”. The ruins of this fort are of archaeological signifance and they represent the various methods used in construction during that era.

How to reach

Illanthakunta is situated at a distance of nearly 38 km from Karimnagar and is well accessible by road.

22 Two Temples Sirsilla Sirsilla 15th-17th C.A.D

Two temples

1) Venkateswaralayam: This is a single shrine temple dedicated to Vishnu. The temple consists of garbhagriha, antarala and an open pillared mandapa.

The spire is in stepped pyramidal type. At present lord Venkateswaraswamy is housed and daily rituals are being carried out.

Two label inscriptions are reported from this temple out of which one mentions name of certain devotee who was the son of Amgabokhala Konaya, and the second one simply mentions the date S’1812 Virodhi Vaisakha Su. 13, Induvara (Monday) which corresponds to 1890 A.D.

2) Sivalayam: There is a Siva temple consisting of garbhagriha and antarala with small mandapa. Important sculptures such as Linga, Nandi and Ganesha are housed in the temple which is under worship.

How to reach

Siricilla is located nearly 42 km from Karimnagar and is well accessible by road

23 Temples & Inscriptions Vemulavada Vemulavada 15th-17th C.A.D
24 Dargah of Bagsawar(Respected by both Hindu & Muslim Vemulavada Vemulavada 17th - 18th C.A.D
25 Mosque, Fort, Masjid & Idgah Elgandal Karimnagar 17th C.A.D

Mosque, Fort, Masjid & Idgah

The Elgandal fort at Elgandal village on the left bank of river Maner is situated near Karimnagar town on Karimnagar-Vemulavada road.

It was constructed during the Kakatiya period, and later on passed on to the hands of Qutb Shahi’s of Gokonda. In the year 1756 A.D. the fort was strengthened by the Qiladar namely Mirza Khan Dhimsa.

There are two stone fortification walls i.e., the outer and the inner. There are two mosques imposingly constructed one on the top of the hill and the other at the foot of the hill. The exterior walls are decorated with floral designs in stucco.

Interestingly, there are two dilapidated temples, one is dedicated to Narasimha swamy on the top of the hill and the other is Hanuman temple at the foot of the hill. Inside the fort area are ammunition building, mosques, two jail khana, wells and other structural edifices.

How to reach

Elgandal fort is located nearly 15 km from Karimnagar town and is well accessible by road.

26 Kaleswara swamy Temple Kaleswaram Mahadevapur 11th C.A.D

Kaleswara swamy temple

Kaleswaram is situated on the right bank of the river Godavari at the confluence of Godavari and Pranahitha. It is one of the famous temples in Telangana state.

The Mukteswaraswamy temple is a chief place of worship in the village. Kaleswaram has been a great Saivite centre right from early times. This is an important temple of historical importance in Karimnagar district and represents the historical significance of this district.

During the period of Kakatiya king Ganapathideva, Dharma Sivacharya son of Visvesvara Sivacharya had constructed many temples. A label inscription here mentions the name of Ramabhaktha, son of Yellabattu who was a devotee of god Muktheswara. Another inscription of 17th century A.D mentions that certain Baloju son of Valadu gave a gift of Nandi pillar to the god Mukthinatha. The historic temple offers a lot of scope to understand the rich legacy of the region. This temple has been renovated completely.

How to reach

Kaleswaram is in the interior forest, 16 km from Mahadevapuram and 32 km from Manthani in Karimnagar district.

27 Ancient Fort Kotilingala velgatoor 2ndB.C
28 Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple Dharmapuri Dharmapuri 11th C.A.D

Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple

Dharmapuri is situated on the banks of the river Godavari. The village contains good number of ancient temples.

The most important temple in Dharmapuri is Laxminarsimhaswamy temple. The name of the village Dharmapuri is mentioned in the Kurkiyala inscription of Jinavallabha dating back to 945 cent. A.D. as Dharmavura or Dharmapuramu. This is an important temple of historical importance in Karimnagar district and represents the historical significance of this district.

Old Narsimhaswamy temple is popular one. The temple consists of garbhalaya and a 48 pillared mandapa. The idol of Lord Narsimhaswamy in the yogi form is housed in the garbhalaya for worship.

In front of the temple there is a highly polished four pillared kalyanamandapa of Kakatiya period. Typical Kakatiya Sculptures such as Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, dancing Siva etc. depicting several stories from Epics are carved on the pillars in typical Kakatiya style. The temple offers a lot of scope to understand the rich legacy of the region.

How to reach

Dharmapuri is situated about 66 km from Karimnagar and can be reached by bus.

29 Siva Temple (Trikuta temple belongs to Kakatiyan period) Vilasagar Boinpalli 13thC.A.D

Siva Temple (Trikuta temple belongs to Kakatiyan period)

Vilasagar in Boinpalli Mandal is situated close to Karimnagar. An inscription on a slab lying in the compound of the temple records the date Saka Year 1224 and the name of the year Subhakrit which corresponds to 1302 A.D.

The other details are not clear but the name of the family of the Malayala chiefs is mentioned here, who served under the Kakatiya rulers.

There is a beautiful Trikuta temple facing east in the middle of the village. The temple consists of three shrines towards north, west and south followed by a common square mandapa with a porch on the east. The shrines are surmounted by the sikharas in stepped pyramidical form.

All the three shrines are alike and housed with Sivalingas and each shrine consists of garbhagriha and an antarala. The doorway of the garbhagriha contains sakhas decorated with floral designs and lion motifs with a pilaster in the middle. The Saivite Dvarapalas flanked by female chowry-bearers are carved beneath jambs. The Lalata contains Gajalakshmi motif.

How to reach

Vilasagar in Boinpalli Mandal is situated at a distance of about 25 km to the west of Karimnagar and is accessible by bus.

30 Megalithic Burials Vastapur Raikal 10th C.B.C
31 Kesavardhana Panchamukha Lingeswara temple (Trikuta) Raikal Raikal 13rd C.A.D

Kesavardhana Panchamukha Lingeswara temple (Trikuta)

The Kesavardhana panchamukha lingeswara temple at Raikal Village stands to the east of the tank on an elevated adistana. The temple is cruciform in plan. It has a square mandapa in the centre with three shrines projecting north, east and west, facing to south.

This temple is of archaeological significance and represents the various methods used in construction during that era.

The western shrine is dedicated to Panchamukhalingeswara Swamy while northern shrine is dedicated to Kesavanatha and the eastern shrine is dedicated to Suryadeva. The three sikharas are of the curvilinear type and amalakha decoration.

A flight of steps leads to portico with beautiful balustrade, which further leads to mandapa. This is an important temple in Karimnagar district and represents the historical significance of this district.

How to reach

Raikal village is situated about 70 km North West of Karimnagar. It is 20 km from Jagityal and can be reached by bus.

32 Early Historic Site Peddabaunkur Peddapalli 2nd C.A.D

Early Historic site

Peddabhankur village is located 8 km from Dhulikhatta, a Buddhist site, near Husseni vagu nala. An Early historic site has been discovered in this village.

Excavations conducted by the department brought to light many circular structures, Roman and Shathavahana coins, iron objects, terracotta figurines, beets, bangles, seals, Brahmi inscriptions and importantly Pottery belonging to early historic period. The Buddhist circuit here is known for many prominent places that depict their glory. One such prominent place for Buddhists is near Dhulikatta dating back to 2nd century BC.

During that era, this region had played an important role and was hence protected with numerous fortifications. According to historians, the description of this place was conceptualized by the Greek emissary Megasthenes. The remains as well as ruins of this early historic site is of high significance.

How to reach

Peddabhankur village is located 8 km from Dhulikhatta and 33 km from Karimnagar town and is accessible by road.

33 Sri Vasavi Andal Ranganatha Swamy Temple Dharmabad Peddapalli 17th-18th C.A.D

Sri Vasavi Andal Ranganatha Swamy Temple

A late medieval period Vaishnavite temple is located in Dharmabad. This is an important temple of historical importance in Karimnagar district and represents the historical significance of this district.

The temple consists of garbhagriha, antarala and sixteen pillared mandapa and porch facing east. Image of Vishnu in the form of Ranganatha (reclining pose) is in garbhalaya. There are two mandapas on either side in front of the temple.

The historic fort offers a lot of scope to understand the rich legacy of the region. The temple is of archaeological significance and they represent the various methods used in construction during that era. Locals throng the temple during festival occasions.

How to reach

Dharmabad (Mutharam) is located nearly 12 km from Peddapalli in Karimnagar district.

34 Trikuta Easwara Temple Thotlapally Bejjanki 14th-14th C.A.D
35 Bommalammagutta Kurkyala Gangadhara 17th-18th C.A.D

Bommalammagutta

Bommalagutta or Bommalammagutta is located nearly 2 km to the south of Gangadhara in Kurkyala village.

An excellent image of Chekresvari (Jaina sasanadevi in seated posture with eight hands) is flanked by lady attendants along with Jain Tirthankaras on either side in Kayotsrga pose which are carved here. Above the image of Chekresvari, Adyanta Tirthankaras i.e., Vrishabha and Vardhamana are carved.

An inscription of Arekesari II(930-955 C.A.D) of Chalukyas of Vemulavada is inscribed below the Chekresvari, which gives valuable information regarding the genealogy and the origin of Pampa, the great Kannada poet and author of Vikramarjunavijaya and Adipurana.

This inscription is in three languages i.e., Sanskrit, Kannada and Telugu. The lost three verses are in Telugu Kanda metre, which are the earliest of their kind in the Telugu language. Since the Bommalu (figures) are carved on this hillock, this hillock has got the name “Bommalagutta”. It represents the Jainism religion which had once flourished in this area.

How to reach

Gangadhara is situated at a distance of nearly 24 km from Karimnagar town and is well accessible by road.

36 Buddhist Stupa Vadakapur Julapalli

Buddhist Stupa

The Buddhist monastic complex at Dhulikatta located on the right bank of Hussaini vagu lies at a distance of 30 km from Karimnagar towards North.

The Buddhist circuit is known for many prominent places that depict their glory. One such prominent place for Buddhists is situated in Telangana, in a small town called Dhulikatta. The Buddhist Mahastupa or in Dhulikatta village was reportedly established at the end of the 2nd century BC that is 2000 years ago.

During that era, the region had played a greater role and was hence protected with numerous fortifications. According to historians, the description of this fortified town which is situated on the banks of a river was conceptualized by the Greek emissary Megasthenes. The remains as well as ruins of this ancient stupa which is built on an elevated place are discernible to this day.

The constructions of platforms actually make the Mahastupa look much larger. The lime-stone blocks which are elegantly carved are decorated with Buddhist symbols such as Muchalindanaga (a snake of Buddhist mythology). Several other artefacts such as the punched coins of Roman Kingdom and Satvahana dynasty, combs made of ivory, beads, bangles and authentic silver jewellery were discovered during the excavations here around the Mahastupa in Dhulikatta.

How to reach

Dhulikatta is situated at a distance of nearly 30 km from Karimnagar town and is well accessible by road.