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Monuments of Warangal

S.No Name of the Monument Village Mandal Period
1 Shambhunigudi Fort Warangal Warangal 13th C.A.D

Shambhunigudi

Shambhuni Gudi is situated near southern Kirti Torana of ruined Swayambhu Siva temple in Fort Warangal. The temple consists of garbha griha, antarala and ranga mandapa. The square ranga mandapa has porticos on its three sides, the main entrance facing east.

The temple shows the importance of religious structures which were built widely during those times at several places, where the deity was installed with care.

There is an inscription recorded on Dharmashala wall of Shambhunigudi, which speaks about the installation of deities of Veyilingala Devara and Ganadhipathi by a person called Chaviki Buddayya for the merit of the world.

The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days. The temple is popular with devotees during festivals and other important occasions.

How to reach

Warangal fort is located nearly 2 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road from both Warangal and Hyderabad.

2 Stone Circles Alipur Hanmakonda 10th-9th C.B.C
3 Cairns Hunter road Hanmakonda 10th C.B.C
4 Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple Inavolu (Ailoni) Wardhamanpet 12th-13th C.A.D

Sri Mallikarjuna swamy temple

Lord Mallikarjuna or Mallanna is worshipped here as Mylarudeva along with his consorts Balija Medalamma and Golla Kotamma. This is an ancient temple which was constructed during historic times and is one among the landmark temples of Warangal district.

According to an inscription setup in the compound wall, one Velama Chief called Anapotanayaka, the son of Singama Nayaka had gifted the Village Ayyanavolu to the God Mailarudev in 1369 A.D.

The temple is constructed within a rectangular prakara wall with opening towards north, east and south. It has a pradakshinapatha through a pillared arcade around the temple.

The prakara wall is about 12 feet in height and rectangular in shape. In front of the temple, outside the prakara wall is a massive terraced 24 pillared Rangamandapa. Extremely massive toranas, resembling the famous Kakatiya gateways (Hamsa / Kirthi toranas of Fort Warangal) are located on eastern and southern sides, reflecting the architectural prominence of this place. The temple is thronged by visitors during festivals. This temple has been constructed with attention to detail and shows the skill of the workers in those times.

How to reach

Inavolu village is located nearly 28 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

5 Fort & Gadi Thatikonda Station Ghanpur 13th C.A.D

Fort & Gadi

This is a famous fort of Warangal district which is also associated with Sarvay Papadu of Quillashapoor, a local leader who had then defied Mughal imperial authority and also revolted against the Golkonda Nawabs.

The historic Quilla i.e., hill fort is situated in survey no. 513 and the gadis are in survey no. 369. The fortifications lie on the top of the hillock. The mud fortification wall in intermittent patches runs from top to the fort of the hill to join the gadi.

The gadi is square in plan covering an area of about 5.36 acres. The basal width of wall is 3 feet and the height is 16 to 20 feet.

The material used for the construction of walls from basement to 3 feet is stone and above mud. The mud wall consists of pati earth, which is mixed with potsherds, gravel, coarse sand, small chips etc. The mud wall appears to be consisting of different layers. It has four bastions on four corners. The bastions are constructed with dressed stones.

How to reach

Thatikonda village is located nearly 41 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

6 Fort (Fortification Bastions & Gateways) Zaffargadh Zaffargadh 13th C.A.D

Fort (Fortification bastions & Gateways)

The original name of Zaffargadh was Velpugonda. According to a Rashtrakuta inscription carved on the rock wall of the tank of the Lakshminarasimha Swamy hillock (Peddagutta) here, Sankaraganda of Rashtrakuta line of chiefs is said to have constructed the tank on the hillock.

On the backside of the hillock a Trikuta Temple, Garuda pillar and a Vishnu temple of Kakatiya period and a mosque are located. This area was occupied by Muslim rulers in the medieval times after the fall of Kakatiyas of Warangal in 1323 AD.

Zaffruddoula, a Subedar of Golconda Nawabs (1760 AD) was the ruler of this area. With the aim of becoming an independent ruler of this area he had constructed an impregnable fort. Before his designs could be fructified the Nawabs of the Golconda reportedly came to know his about plans and put him to death.

The village of Zaffargadh is situated in the valley between the hills on eastern and western sides. The hills are known as Chinnagutta and Peddagutta. The self manifested Lakshminarasimha Swamy Temple is on Peddagutta. The village and the hills are surrounded by an earthern rampart 5 km in circumference. Around the rampart there is a deep moat. Three darwazas (inlets) were constructed to regularise the incoming and outgoing traffic. They are the Khammam darwaza, Patnam darwaza and Hanamkonda darwaza. The doors of the darwazas are 10 feet wide and 20 feet in height. The bastions and gates are fitted with huge iron cannons.

How to reach

Zaffargadh village is located nearly 50 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

7 Fort ( built by Zafaruddaula) Wardannapet Wardannapet 18th C.A.D.
8 Cairns Kondaparti Hanmakonda 10th C.B.C
9 Stone Circles Sidapur Hasanparthi 10th-9th C.B.C.
10 Lake & Inscriptions Pakhal Khanapur 12th C.A.D

Lake & Inscriptions

Kakatiyas were great rulers who had constructed tanks, temples and towns. This tank is one of the most important contributions. It is situated about 9km from Narsampet, wherein the lake Pakhal shines like a mirror in the lush and green fields.

The surrounding hills and tall trees reflecting in the crystal clear water reflect the history of the Lake. The construction of Tank stands as an excellent testimony to the care and skill of the Kakatiyas in irrigation works.

The stone inscription, the only witness to this feat still reminds the visitors the commitment of Kakatiya rulers towards the welfare of the people. The lengthy dam which runs upto 1.5 km with a width of 30 feet on the bund was raised to a height of 30 feet spreading its water to 80 square kilometres and caters to the needs of the paddy fields of the surrounding areas.

The Inscription: The inscription is erected on the tank bund. It depicts the genealogy of Kakatiya kings and records the construction of magnificent tank at Maudgalyathirtha (Muner river) near temple Sivaramanatha and a splendid town called Ganapapura.

The Inscription measures 1.90 m height x 0.36 m width and is carved on its four sides. On top portion of first side Sun, Ganesha, Moon, Poorna Khumbhas and elephant are carved. The inscription was composed by Kavi Chakravarthi.

How to reach

Pakhal lake is located nearly 55 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

11 Trikuta Temple Nidigonda Raghunathapalli 13th C.A.D

Trikuta temple

According to a stone inscription, the Trikuta temple here was built by Kundamamba wife of Natavadi Rudra and sister of Kakatiya Ganapathideva. She is believed to have consecrated the God Rudresha, Madhava and Surya and endowed them with part of the village Kundavarm.

The temple is currently under reconstruction. This is an ancient temple which was constructed during historic times and is one among the landmark temples of Warangal district. The archaeological style attracted the attention of historians in understanding the history behind this temple.

There are many ruins and other structures seen here which indicates the glorious past of the Kakatiya era with impressive pillar works that once formed a massive temple complex in the region. The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days.

How to reach

Nidigonda village is located nearly 50 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

12 Ganapeswara Swamy Temple (Kotagullu) Ghanpur (Mulugu) Ghanpur (Mulugu) 12th-13th C.A.D

Ganapeswara swamy temple (Kotagullu)

Ghanpur is a veritable museum of the Kakatiya architecture and art. The temple complex is located on the north –east of the village.

Altogether nearly 22 temples are constructed here within a stone enclosure. The main temple i.e. Ganapeswaralayam dedicated to Lord Siva, faces east. The 60 pillared natya mandapa to the southern side of the main temple is probably the main entrance to the complex, with 19 subsidiary shrines in rows all around the main temple, and there is another Siva temple, to the north of the main temple. All are built in red sand stone.

Later a mud fortification was reportedly raised all around the entire temple complex probably to protect them and hence, they are locally termed as “Kota gullu”. The inscriptions inscribed on the wall of Mukhamandapa of Ganapeswaralayam refers to the visit of Vibhutigaura, the resident of Srigiri, the house hold servant of Panditharadhya and a native of Machirajupalli near Orugallu.

The other inscription slab refers to certain Ganapathi reddy, who installed Lord Ganapeswara and donated lands during the reign of the king Ganapathi Deva (1199-1262 A.D.) in the cyclic year of “Jaya Nama Samvatsara, Vaisakha Sudha Trayodasi, Bruhaspati Vasaram” (corresponding to 1234-35 A.D.). From the above epigraphical evidence it is known that the temple was built during the first half of 13th Century A.D.

How to reach

Ghanpur village is located nearly 50 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

13 Dolmens Katakshapur Atmakur 7th-6th C.B.C
14 Cairns Mulugu Road Mulugu 10th C.B.C
15 Cairns Arapaili Hanmakonda 10th C.B.C
16 Inscriptions Urusgutta Warangal 14th C.A.D

Inscriptions

Two inscriptions are carved on the boulders of Urusgutta. The first inscription is in two panels in nagari script. It is an incomplete and damaged portion of kavya. It mentions the marriage of a couple.

The second inscription is in three panels in 62 Sanskrit verses. The first line of the first panel is in Nagari script and the rest is written in Telugu script. The language of the inscription is Sanskrit. It is a unique record describing the love marriage of a Siddha couple.

The content of the inscription is that Kinnera, daughter of Kanakangada falls in love with a Sidha. To meet his lover, Siddha goes to the Palace in the night where he was detected and imprisoned. Later the King had come to know that the lover of his daughter is none other than a Siddha with respectable origin and hence performs the marriage with Vedic custom in the presence of ritual fire.

The separation of the couple and their reunion by Yaksha, the Sambhoga Srungara aspect, the Sunset and the Moon rise are beautifully described by the author. The contents of this inscription are considered similar to that of Kalidasas “Meghasandesha” Kavya. Narasimha Rishi son of Vishveswara Panditha, the rajaguru of Kakatiya Rudramadevi is reportedly the author of the above two inscriptions.

How to reach

Urus village is located nearly 5 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

17 Siva Temple Jakaram Mulugu 13th C.A.D

Siva temple

The temple built in exclusively with red sand stone , dedicated to Lord Siva consists of a garbhagriha , antarala and closed mandapa with porches on three sides. The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days.

The temple faces east and it stands majestically on high adhistana. It is located 40 km from Warangal on the way to Mulugu. It is currently under reconstruction.

This temple has been constructed with attention to detail and shows the skill of the workers in those times. The temple shows the importance of religious structures which were built widely during those times at several places, where the deity was installed with care.

This temple was constructed during the time of Kakatiyas and on stylistic grounds it can be placed in the second quarter of 13th century A.D. The temple is popular with devotees during festivals and other important occasions.

How to reach

Jakaram village is located nearly 40 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

18 Panchakuta Temple Ramanujapur Venkatapur 13th C.A.D

Panchakuta temple

The temple locally known as Nancharigudi is a rare Panchakuta type temple built by the Kakatiyas. It has five shrines with a common rangamandapa constructed within a rectangular stone prakara with an entrance on the southern side.

The central shrine faces south, and the remaining two shrines faced east and west. The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days. The architraves of 5 shrines are depicted with Samudramadhana, Umamaheswara, Venugopala flanked by gopikas, Astabhuja devi and Nataraja flanked by dikpalas.

The temple shows the importance of religious structures which were built widely during those times at several places, where the deity was installed with care.

Since, the architrave of the main temple is portrayed with Venugopala, hence the shrine has been dedicated to Venugopala. This temple is under reconstruction. This temple has been constructed with attention to detail and shows the skill of the workers in those times.

How to reach

Ramanujapur village is located nearly 47 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

19 Reddygudi Temple Ghanpur Ghanpur 13th C.A.D.

Reddygudi temple

The Siva temple situated inside Ghanpur village is locally known as “Reddy Gudi”. The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days.

It appears that the temple was constructed by Ganapathi Reddy, a member of Recharla family. Hence, it is named as “Reddy Gudi”. The temple shows the importance of religious structures which were built widely during those times at several places, where the deity was installed with care.

The Siva temple Reddy gudi facing north consists of garbagriha and antarala entrance ways on north, east and western sides. This temple has been constructed with attention to detail and shows the skill of the workers in those times.

Though simple in plan it is embedded with all elegant characters present in the nearby main shrine i.e., Ghanapeshwaralayam of Kakatiya times. From the epigraphical study, it is believed that the temple was built during 13th Century A.D.

How to reach

Ghanpur village is located nearly 50 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

20 Megalithic Burials Ghanpur station Ghanpur station 10th C.B.C
21 Angadiveerannagudi (Jain Temple) Bairanpalli Maddur 11th C.B.0

Angadiveerannagudi (Jain temple)

The state of Telangana is home to many historic temples of Jainism and is a place where once Jain culture and religion had thrived. The temple locally known as Angadi Veeranna gudi is a Jain Temple.

According to a stone inscription setup in front of the temple, during the period of Chalukya King Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) of Kalyani dynasty, Biramaraddy, a Dandanayaka of Bhuvanagiri and two Karanams of Bekkallu had installed the Jaina image (on Chalukya Vikrama – 32, Sarvadhari Samvatsara Vaishaka, Shuddha Panchami – Bruhastathi varam = 1108 AD) and donated Mango garden as well as lands for repairs of temple and feeding of the ascetics.

The temple which is facing east consists of Garbhagruha, Antarala, Mukhamandpa and Ardha – Mandapa. The doorjambs of the mukhamantapa are carved with poornaghatas on either side at the base showing the architectural style of those times. A Jain thirthankhara flanked by two nymphs on either side to him is carved on the lintel. An image of Gajalakshmi is also carved on the doorframes. Full blown lotuses are also carved on the ceilings of mukhamandapa and in the Garbhagriha . This temple has been constructed with attention to detail and shows the skill of the workers in those times.

How to reach

Bairanpalli village is located nearly 70 km towards west from the District head quarters of Warangal. It is accessible by road.

22 Siva Temple Gudur Gudur 13 th C.A.D
23 Fort of Survay Paparayudu Quilashapur Raghunathpalli 18 th C.A.D

Fort of Survay Paparayudu

This famous Fort is located in Quilashapur village, about 5 kms. from Raghunathpalli Railway station, on Hanmakonda – Hyderabad Highway.

Sarvay Papadu of Quilashapoor, was a famous local leader who had revolted against the Golkonda Nawabs.

Local legend has associated Quilashapur with Sardar Papa Rayudu of 18th Century a local renegade leader who had then defied Mughal Imperial authority with his activities centered round Tatikonda, Shahpur, Golconda, Bhuvanagiri, Warangal, Elgandal and Kaulas etc.

The fort is constructed on square in plan with massive bastions at four corners of the fortifications. The fort is locally known as Quillashapur fort named after Shapur village. It is considered one of the iconic fort structures in Warangal district with many heroic tales associated with it.

How to reach

Quilashapur village is located nearly 40 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

24 Siva Temple Katrapalli Hanmakonda 13 th C.A.D

Siva temple

A Siva Temple datable to Kakatiya period was discovered in Katrapalli Village. The temple faces east, preceded by an antarala, a closed mandapa and an entrance porch towards east. The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days.

The shrine doors have Poornakumbhas on either sides of the bottom of the doorjambs and its upper portion is divided into number of facets consisting of a row of flowers, slender ornate pilasters accompanied by dancing figures on its middle square portion.

The temple shows the importance of religious structures which were built widely during those times at several places, where the deity was installed with care. This temple has been constructed with attention to detail and shows the skill of the workers in those times. 0

The lintel has Gajalaxmi figure as its Lalata Bimba. Miniature sikara motifs filled the space of the horizontal lintel. Four central pillars here bear the carving of pairs of hamsas, depicting elephants, kirhimukhas and there is a pearl garland design on the central square. The temple is popular with devotees during festivals and other important occasions.

How to reach

Katrapalli village is located nearly 40 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

25 Trikuta Temple Kondaparthy Hanmakonda 13 th C.A.D

Trikuta temple

Kondaparthy witnessed its hey-day during the Kakatiya period when it bore the name “Sri Kondiparthy Nagare” and served as the head quarters of the feudatory chiefs of Malyala family.

Three inscriptions were reported from this village. The earliest inscription datable to 9th Century AD in archaic Telugu is on a boulder locally known as “Kokkera gundu” situated in the big tank of the village.

The second inscription datable to 1203 AD gives an account of Malyala family and records the construction of Siva temple called Chaundesvara and excavation of a tank named Chaunda Samudra by Chaunda Senapathi, the Commander of Kakathiya king Ganapathi deva.

The third inscription datable to 1242 AD, records the construction of two temples to Rudresvara and another to Kesava and installation of deities and construction of prakara wall to the above temples including Prolesvara temple which was already in existence.

This is the Trikuta temple having three shrines on south, west and north along with garbhagruha and antharala with common rangamandapa with an entrance from east. The sikharas of the shrines are built with brick and are of the stepped pyramidal type. The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days. The temple is similar in style of Thousand pillar temple but lesser in dimensions.

How to reach

Kondaparthy village is situated nearly 12 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

26 Narasimha Swamy Temple Bussapur Govindaraopet 12 th -13 th C.A.D

Narasimha swamy temple

On the way to Laknavaram tank, in Bussapur village a typical Kakatiyan temple locally known as Narsimha Swamy gudi is located.

Both the Laknavaram tank and temple were built during the Kakatiya times for promoting agriculture and temple activity. The temple shows the importance of religious structures which were built widely during those times at several places, where the deity was installed with care.

This is a typical Kakatiya style temple. It faces south and consists of garbhagriba, antarala and sixteen pillared rangamandapa which are inturn enclosed by rectangular compound wall.

Mithuna figures have been carved on the outer wall of the temple. The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days. Yoga Narasimha is presiding deity of the temple.

How to reach

Bussapur village is located nearly 60 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.

27 Sri Durga Malleswara Swamy Temple Kothur Khanapur

Sri Durga Malleswara Swamy Temple

Khanapur mandal in Warangal district is home to an ancient Durgamalleswara swamy temple which is thronged by devotees during festivals, especially Sivarathri.

The temple consists of a garbhagruha and antharala with four pillared closed mandapa facing west. Actually it is believed to be a Vaishnavite temple. The idol of Vishnu with his consort Lakshmi seated on Garuda is kept aside since it is broken.

The villagers here have installed a new idol of Durgamalleswara Swamy (Siva Parvathi) in the garbhagruha on old pedestal. Hence the temple is called as Durgamalleswara Swamy temple. On architectural grounds the temple dates back to 14th Century AD. The series of pillars here shows the skill of ancient workers who have created this unique temple in Warangal region. The temple shows the importance of religious structures which were built widely during those times at several places.

How to reach

Kothur village is located nearly 50 km from the district head quarters of Warangal. It is well accessible by road.

28 Ekavira Temple Mogilicherla Geesukonda

Ekavira Temple

Famous works of post-Kakatiya times such as ‘Kridhabhiramam’ and ‘Siddeswara Charitra’ etc., mention how Kakatiya Rulers especially Queen Rudrama Devi used to worship the deities of temples located nearby Warangal quite often.

Ekavira / Ellamma is one such temple of a goddess located in Mogilicherla Village. According to local traditions, Ekavira or Ellamma is none other than Renuka, the mother of Parashurama.

This is a typical Sandhara temple with inner pradakshina patha, which is having entrances on north, east and southern sides while there is a garbhagriha which is located on western side within the hall.

There are eight big pillars, four at the centre over the broken rangasila, two in front of garbhagriha and remaining two inside the garbhagriha. Twenty short pillars form the rectangular temple with a portico on eastern side. The entire temple was reportedly built on bedrock.

This temple shows the importance of Warangal district in Telangana with impressive centuries old structures. This temple has been constructed with attention to detail and shows the skill of the workers in those times.

How to reach

Mogilicherla village is nearly 6 km from the district headquarters of Warangalin Geesukonda Mandal. It is well accessible by road.

29 Two Trikuta Temples Katakshapur Atmakur

Two Trikuta Temples

A Pair of Trikuta temples built in granite stone is located on the outskirts of Katakshapur village on Warangal–Mulugu road. The temple reflects the archaeological significance of Warangal district in Telangana, which is home to many such temples reflecting the glory of ancient days.

The first temple faces east having three shrines on north, west and south. Each shrine consists of garbhagriha and antarala with a common rangamandapa enclosed by compound wall. Sivalingas are installed here in all the three garbhagrihas.

The second temple faces south with three shrines on east, north and west. The central shrine is dedicated to Chennakesava, whereas the other two consists of Sivalingas. The temple shows the importance of religious structures which were built widely during those times at several places, where the deity was installed with care.

Based on the architectural styles, these temples are dated to the time of Kakatiya Rudra Deva i.e. 12th Century AD.

How to reach

Katakshapur village is located nearly 26 km from the district headquarters of Warangal and is accessible by road.